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English | 2004 | ISBN: 1857801814 | 130 Pages | PDF | 78.09 MB
As World War II drew to a close, the Soviet government was well aware that todays allies would soon be tomorrows adversaries. This meant new bombers had to be developed for dealing strikes at the potential adversaries military and political centers. Having gained access to German jet aircraft technology and the men behind it in 1945, the Soviet Union put them to good use when developing its own jet bombers. The first jet bomber to fly in the USSR was the Junkers EF131. Built in 1946, it was based on the unconventional forward-swept wing Ju 287 V2, which had been captured in incomplete form. This was followed by the EF140 (a similar FSW design differing in powerplant) and the equally unusual T-tailed, bicycle-gear aircraft 150 developed by Brunolf Baade which was ultimately rejected in favor of the Tupolev Tu-16. The first wholly indigenous Soviet jet bomber came from the Ilyushin design bureau it was the four-engined IL-22 of 1947. Other experimental Ilyushin bombers - the IL-30, IL-46 and IL-54 which lost out to competing designs - are described in this book, as are the Tupolev aircraft 77, aircraft 82 and the aircraft 72/73/78 series which culminated in the Tu-14 twinjet bomber built on a small scale, mainly for the Soviet Navy.